Improving the Use of Research Evidence in Guideline Development

hrps.gif  Here is a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research [ACHR] to WHO on ways of improving the use of research evidence in guideline development. Below are the citations and links for all 16 reviews, published by the ACHR in Health Research Policy and Systems, an Open Access journal.  

Click on the titles below to access free full text. I have truncated the abstracts because you can access the full versions on PubMed. 

  • 1.  Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A, Oxman AD. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 1. Guidelines for guidelines. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4:13.:13.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the first of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on guidelines for the development of guidelines. MORE
  • 2.  Oxman AD, Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 2. Priority setting. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):14.
    BACKGROUND: This is the second of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on ways of improving the use of research evidence in guideline development.  MORE
  • 3.  Fretheim A, Schunemann HJ, Oxman AD. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 3. Group composition and consultation process. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):15.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the third of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVE: In this review we address the composition of guideline development groups and consultation processes during guideline development.  MORE
  • 4.  Boyd EA, Bero LA. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 4. Managing conflicts of interests. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):16.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the fourth of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on managing conflicts of interest to address the following questions:
    1) What is the best way to obtain complete and accurate disclosures on financial ties and other competing interests?
     2) How to determine when a disclosed financial tie or other competing interest constitutes a conflict of interest?
    3) When a conflict of interest is identified, how should the conflict be managed?
    4) How could conflict of interest policies be enforced?  MORE
  • 5.  Fretheim A, Schunemann HJ, Oxman AD. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 5. Group processes. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):17.
    The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the fifth of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVE: In this review we address approaches to facilitate sound processes within groups that develop recommendations for health care.  MORE
  • 6.  Schunemann HJ, Oxman AD, Fretheim A. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 6. Determining which outcomes are important. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):18.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the sixth of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on determining which outcomes are important for the development of guidelines.  MORE
  • 7.  Oxman A, Schunemann H, Fretheim A. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 7. Deciding what evidence to include. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):19.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the seventh of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on what constitutes evidence in guidelines and recommendations.
     
     MORE
  • 8.  Oxman AD, Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 8. Synthesis and presentation of evidence. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):20.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the eighth of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on the synthesis and presentation of research evidence, focusing on four key questions.  MORE
  • 9.  Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A, Oxman AD. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 9. Grading evidence and recommendations. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):21.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the ninth of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on grading evidence and recommendations in guidelines. MORE
     
     
  • 10.  Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A, Oxman AD. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 10. Integrating values and consumer involvement. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):22.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the 10th of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on integrating values and consumers in guideline development.  MORE
  • 11. Tan-Torres ET. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 11. Incorporating considerations of cost-effectiveness, affordability and resource implications. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):23.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the 11th of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on incorporating considerations of cost-effectiveness, affordability and resource implications in guidelines and recommendations.  MORE
  • 12.  Oxman AD, Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 12. Incorporating considerations of equity. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):24.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the 12th of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on incorporating considerations of equity in guidelines and recommendations.  MORE
  • Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A, Oxman AD. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 13. Adaptation, applicability and transferability. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):25.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the thirteenth of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on adaptation, applicability and transferability of guidelines factors and values need to be assessed locally, support for undertaking these assessments may be needed.   MORE
  • Oxman AD, Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 14. Reporting guidelines. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):26.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the 14th of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on reporting guidelines and recommendations.  MORE
  • Fretheim A, Schunemann HJ, Oxman AD. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 15. Disseminating and implementing guidelines. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):27.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the 15th of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: In this review we address strategies for the implementation of recommendations in health care.   MORE
  • Oxman AD, Schunemann HJ, Fretheim A. Improving the use of research evidence in guideline development: 16. Evaluation. Health Res Policy Syst 2006; 4(1):28.
    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO), like many other organisations around the world, has recognised the need to use more rigorous processes to ensure that health care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence. This is the last of a series of 16 reviews that have been prepared as background for advice from the WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research to WHO on how to achieve this.
    OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on evaluating guidelines and recommendations, including their quality, whether they are likely to be up-to-date, and their implementation. We also considered the role of guideline developers in undertaking evaluations that are needed to inform recommendations.  MORE
  • Link to all the PubMed records for this series
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